The key to lasting peace in the Caucasus is reconciliation

Following quite a while of contention, practical harmony among Armenia and Azerbaijan must be accomplished through common society-drove compromise.

On January 30, the three-dimensional working gathering involved Russia, Azerbaijan and Armenia, which was shaped in the wake of a year ago’s overwhelming 44-day strife in Nagorno-Karabakh to regulate the re-foundation of transport joins between the fighting countries, held its first gathering in Moscow.

The gathering, co-led by the delegate leaders of every nation, was without a doubt a significant advance towards settling the many years old contest among Azerbaijan and Armenia. Yet, such discretionary endeavors and specialized courses of action, anyway significant, can’t convey a sturdy harmony settlement all alone. Feasible harmony is accomplished not through gatherings held in far-away capitals, but rather compromise between networks.

As an Armenian and an Azerbaijani, we realize that question stays overflowing between our two countries. No political concession to its own can persuade two people groups partitioned by 30 years of contention to confide in one another and try for some degree of reconciliation. Armenian and Azerbaijani common social orders, notwithstanding, can manufacture tractions whereupon genuine harmony can remain by dispatching activities that would unite the two networks and permit them to see one another.

Wars, regardless of whether they end in triumph or annihilation, fuel patriotism and this presents one more impediment to compromise. In Armenia, there are protestors in the roads of the capital requiring another battle to dole out the retribution. In Azerbaijan, in the mean time, the triumph against Armenia is being commended with military processions. For the present, neither one of the nations appears to abandon the contention and spotlight on building neighborly relations.

While the post-war flood in patriot conclusion will in the end die down, we can’t anticipate that Armenians and Azerbaijanis should essentially fail to remember their biases about one another over the long haul.

The two networks have had no genuine connection since the finish of the primary Nagorno-Karabakh battle in 1994. As they had no common encounters in over 20 years, every country developed a ridiculous, practically cruel picture of the “adversary” in their aggregate personalities. Their view of ongoing history has additionally part, with both considering themselves to be the person in question and the other as the attacker.

On the off chance that what we take a stab at is enduring harmony, this can’t be permitted to proceed.

Uniting two networks that see only an adversary in one another might be troublesome, however it isn’t inconceivable.

While we don’t have shared encounters from the most recent couple of many years, we do have a long history of tranquil concurrence that preceded that. Ethnic Armenians and Azerbaijanis calmly lived next to each other, in similar roads, towns and towns in Karabakh for centuries.

Without a doubt, our adolescents don’t recollect those days, however their folks do. It was not individuals who began the contention – it was the restricting militaries and political pioneers. The two Armenians and Azerbaijanis had their lives obliterated by this contention, and the two of them have such a huge amount to acquire from trying for some degree of reconciliation.

Maybe an excess of has occurred since the 1990s for individuals to just fail to remember and get back to the state of affairs before the beginning of this debate. Be that as it may, they can attempt to pardon. Also, they can positively endeavor to proceed onward.

To do as such, thoughtful society should make moves to reconnect more seasoned Armenians and Azerbaijanis who once lived respectively in harmony. In the event that old companions and neighbors meet up to recall their common past and remake broken connections, they can show their kids that serene concurrence is conceivable.

Old companions can have video calls and, when the pandemic is finished, eye to eye gatherings. They can visit their old neighborhoods together.

Armenians and Azerbaijanis, everything being equal, can likewise meet up to observe Novruz – a Zoroastrian celebration that routinely brought Christian and Muslim people groups of the area together in pre-war times. Or then again polite society can sort out joint craftsmanship celebrations, shows or other get-togethers to give the two networks freedoms to interface with one another.

What we ought not do, in any case, is to endeavor to persuade the two networks to concur on a solitary variant of history, for this is incomprehensible. All things being equal, we should all perceive there is no “correct” variant of history.

The removal of Azerbaijanis from Armenia, the Khojaly slaughter, the Sumgait and Baku massacres – the two countries will perpetually recall a portion of these misfortunes while deciding to overlook or fail to remember others.

We can’t, and ought not desire, persuade either local area that their view of their country’s new history is imperfect. However, we can set out open doors for the two Azerbaijanis and Armenians to perceive that there can be unique, yet similarly authentic, understandings of recorded occasions.

As British antiquarian EH Carr believed, “understanding has a vital impact in building up current realities of history, and in light of the fact that no current translation is entirely unbiased, one translation is comparable to another”.


In the event that every local area can acknowledge that its variant of history, and comprehension of it, is distinctive to the next, they can at long last quit zeroing in on substantiating themselves right, and rather begin dealing with building a typical future.

We can begin our compromise endeavors with a gathering in Tekali – a Georgian town close to the crossing point of the nation’s boundaries with Armenia and Azerbaijan. Modifying the connections that existed between individuals from our networks prior to everything was prised separated by war should be focused on as our political chiefs proceed with their endeavors to get a harmony bargain satisfactory to the two sides. This is the lone way we can accomplish maintainable harmony.

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